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instead of和insist的用法英语知识点

2022-08-04| 发布者: 同安信息社| 查看: 135| 评论: 1|文章来源: 互联网

摘要: insteadof和insist的用法英语知识点1、insteadofinsteadof是短语介词,意思是“代替、而不”,后接名词、代词、动名词......
instead of和insist的用法英语知识点
1、instead of
instead of 是短语介词,意思是“代替、而不”,后接名词、代词、动名词,有时接动词原形、不定式、形容词等。如:
I’ll take that book instead of this one. 我要那本书不要这一本。
You should give him advice instead of money. 你应给他忠告而不是金钱。
Things are now better instead of worse. 目前情况是好转而不是恶化。
We made the trip by train instead of by car. 我们是乘火车旅行的,不是乘汽车。
A word of encouragement might have made me respect instead of hating him.
一句鼓励的话当可时可能使我尊敬他而不是恨他。
Instead of putting it off till the next day, he started working right away.

他立即开始工作,不把它拖到明天。

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2、instead of/ instead/ in place of/ take the place of
He went to attend the meeting instead of me .
I was ill so he went to attend the meeting instead .
注意:instead 可用于句首,表示“相反的”。如:
She never studies .Instead, she plays tennis all day. 她从不学习。相反地,她整天打网球。
in place of 很多时候可与instead of 换用,但更强调“取代”之意。如:
He isn’t fit for the job, so I’ll do it in place of him. 他胜任不了这项工作,我要代他做。
take the place of 是动词短词,在句中做谓语,如:
Tractors have taken the place of horses. 拖拉机已经取代了马。
注意:instead of 后可接ing 形式,介词短语等。如:
 He came by bus instead of by train. 他是乘汽车来的而不是乘火车。
He wanted to go to a film instead of staying at home. 他想去看电影而不是呆在家里。
3、insist
insist 表示“坚持要求(某人或主语本身)干某事”;suggest 表示“建议”,以及order, demand, request, advise…,这些动词后的宾语从句常用虚拟语气形式。
即主语+(should)+动词原形+……,should常可省略。如:
He insisted that he(should)be sent to the poorest place to work.
他坚持要求派他去最贫穷的地方工作。

  1.The problems at the meeting tomorrow are really hard to solve.
  A.discussed B.to discuss C.to be discussed D.discussing
  2.When why he behaved that way at table,he made no reply.
  A.being asked B. asked C.asking D.to ask
  3. ,Mom had a cup of coffee and a few minutes’ rest.
  A.With her housework done B.With her housework being done
  C.With her housework doing D.With her housework to do
  4.The manager introduced the rules that she would like to see _______ the next year.
  A. establish B. establishing C. established D. to establish
  5._____ in thought completely, he didn’t even know what was going on.
  A. Losing B. Lost C. Having lost D. Having been lost
  【答案与解析解析】
  1.
  【解析】The problems 与discuss之间是被动的关系,应用被动语态;tomorrow这个时间状语决定应该是将来的事情,不定式可以表示将来,因此选C。
  【答案】C
  2.
  【解析】句意:当他被问到在餐桌旁为什么那样表现时,他没有做出回答。根据题意,应选过去分词,此处为省略句,相当于when he was asked......。
  【答案】B
  3.
  【解析】housework和do是动宾关系,过去分词done表示被动和完成,符合题意。意思是“做完家务后,妈妈喝了一杯咖啡,然后休息了一会儿。”
  【答案】 A
  4.
  【解析】see sth done 固定搭配,establish与rules之间是动宾关系。句子的意思是:经理介绍了一些她希望明年生效的规定。
  【答案】C
  5.
  【解析】句意强调主语沉思,而不知道下一步将要做什么事情。由主语he,我们可知应用主动语态,排除选项D;Having lost表示动作发生在主语动作之前,不和题意,排除C;过去分词作形容词,可以表示主语所处的一种状态,符合题意。
  【答案】B


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